According to the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, the median Consumer Price Index rose 0.3% (3.2% annualized rate) in January. The 16% trimmed-mean Consumer Price Index rose 0.2% (2.3% annualized rate) during the month. The median CPI and 16% trimmed-mean CPI are measures of core inflation calculated by the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland based on data released in the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ (BLS) monthly CPI report.
Earlier today, the BLS reported that the seasonally adjusted CPI for all urban consumers was unchanged (-0.2% annualized rate) in January. The CPI less food and energy rose 0.2% (2.9% annualized rate) on a seasonally adjusted basis.
Note: The Cleveland Fed released the median CPI details for January here. Motor fuel was down 49% annualized in January.
Click on graph for larger image.
This graph shows the year-over-year change for these four key measures of inflation. On a year-over-year basis, the median CPI rose 2.7%, the trimmed-mean CPI rose 2.2%, and the CPI less food and energy rose 2.2%. Core PCE is for November and increased 1.9% year-over-year (note: December PCE has not been released yet due to government shutdown).
On a monthly basis, median CPI was at 3.2% annualized, trimmed-mean CPI was at 2.3% annualized, and core CPI was at 2.9% annualized.
Using these measures, inflation was lower in January than in December on a year-over-year basis. Overall, these measures are at or above the Fed’s 2% target (Core PCE is below 2%).